(NC) Sustainable agriculture is an approach to farming which will allow modern farmers to meet the needs of a growing population while enhancing environmental quality. This can benefit both current and future generations, and technology will play a vital role in realizing the goals of sustainable agriculture.
According to the National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition, sustainable agriculture is designed to meet the needs of the present without compromising future generations’ ability to meet their own needs. That’s a worthy goal, especially in the face of a growing global population that the United Nations estimates will increase by two billion persons by 2050.
There are numerous benefits to utilizing sustainable agriculture technology, which can be especially advantageous to modern farmers.
Efficient land management
Modelling technologies can be utilized to make more efficient use of lands, such as by identifying tillage practices and the status of tile drainage. Certain agricultural technologies have been designed to predict cropland’s performance, allowing farmers to use their land more effectively and efficiently. Farmers also can employ modelling technologies to determine soil health and water needs and usage, which can benefit the land and ensure resources aren’t wasted. The utilization of such technologies ensures farmers can meet the needs of modern consumers without affecting future farmers’ ability to do the same.
Runoff poses a significant threat to the environment. When runoff occurs, fertilizer, bacteria and other pollutants find their way into streams, rivers, lakes, and the ocean. Sustainable Brands notes nanotechnology is an efficient way to deliver nutrients to crops to improve both the efficacy of the nutrients and reduce runoff.
Agricultural biologicals are inputs derived from natural materials which have low toxicity. That low toxicity reduces their environmental impact. Agricultural biologicals utilize the properties of such things as bacteria, fungi and even insects to support healthy crops, potentially improving yield without adversely affecting the environment.
Sustainable agriculture technologies can help modern farmers and their successors meet the needs of a rapidly growing global population.